How to understand and prevent dehydration

Dehydration means losing to much water, human body contains approximately 76% of the water.

Water is bind up with the cell, with in blood and in between the cell (cytoplasm) 
Without water we can not survive, water is continuously evaporate when we breathe, sweat and excrete by when we urinated and defecate. 

In dehydration process , electrolytic 
imbalance may occur since important chemicals (like sodium, potassium, and chloride) are lost from the body through sweat. For example, patients with suffering from diarrhea or vomiting may lose excess amounts of potassium, causing muscle weakness and heart rhythm disturbances.  

Causes of dehydration 

  •  Diarrhea 
  •  Vomiting 
  •  Sweating 
Dehydration symptoms 
 1- Headache 
 2- Dry mouth 
 3- Lethargy 
 4- Dizziness 
 5- Sedation
 6- Urine concentrated and color maybe darker 

Dehydration, dehydration causes, dehydration reasons, dehydration symptoms

Diarrhea - The main reason of fluid loss with sudden vigorously dehydration and related deaths. The large intestine can't absorbs water from food matter,  The body excretes too much water, leading to dehydration.

Vomiting - Excessive loss of fluids and electrolytes from the body makes it difficult to replace water by drinking it.

Frequent urination- Generally caused due to uncontrolled levels of diabetes, other reasons like use of some drugs,
alcohols and medications such as diuretics, antihistamines, blood pressure medications, and antipsychotics.
Excessive Sweating - The body's cooling mechanism releases a significant amount of water. But Hot and humid weather conditions and vigorous physical activities like athletes and more exercises can further increases fluid loss from the body in form of sweating.

Diabetes - high blood sugar levels cause increased urination and fluid loss.

Prevention from dehydration
Prevention is the most important treatment for dehydration. Consuming a lot's of fluids and foods that have high water content (like fruits and green vegetables) it's enough for most people to prevent dehydration.

People should be avoid to hard work in hot summer day about doing extreme heat of the day, and anyone who is exercising should take fluid in regular intervals to avoid excess loss of electrolytes in the form of sweating.

Elderly and children's are most at risk of being dehydrated, so special attention should be given to them to make sure they are receiving enough fluids with electrolytes.

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